top of page

What are the different types of EV chargers

The Challenges of owning an electric vehicle

What are the different types of EV chargers

28/02/23, 22:00

Electric vehicle (EV) chargers are classified based on their speed and power output. The three main types of EV chargers

Electric vehicle (EV) chargers are classified based on their speed and power output. The three main types of EV chargers are:

Level 1 (Slow Charging):

Level 1 chargers are the most basic type of EV charger and typically use a standard household 120-volt outlet. They offer the slowest charging speed, typically around 2 to 5 miles of range per hour of charging. However, they are also the most affordable and convenient type of charger, as they can be installed at home or in most parking garages without the need for a dedicated circuit.

Level 2 (Fast Charging):

Level 2 chargers use a 240-volt outlet and offer a significantly faster charging speed than Level 1 chargers. They typically provide around 30 to 50 miles of range per hour of charging. Level 2 chargers are commonly installed in homes, apartments, workplaces, and public charging stations. They are more expensive than Level 1 chargers, but they can significantly reduce charging times.

Level 3 (Rapid Charging):

Level 3 chargers, also known as DC fast chargers, are the fastest type of EV charger available. They use direct current (DC) to directly power the EV's battery, bypassing the onboard charger. This allows for even faster charging speeds, typically ranging from 50 to 350 kW. Level 3 chargers are typically found in public locations such as highways, rest stops, and shopping malls. They are the most expensive type of charger, but they are ideal for quickly topping up an EV's battery when on the go.

Connector Types:

In addition to the three charging levels, EV chargers also use different connector types. The two most common types are:

Type 1: This connector is typically used in North America and Japan. It is primarily used for Level 1 and Level 2 chargers.

Type 2: This connector is used in most other countries, including Europe, China, and Australia. It is the most common connector for Level 2 and Level 3 chargers.

CHAdeMO and CCS:

Two additional connector types are sometimes used for Level 3 chargers:

CHAdeMO: This connector is commonly used in Japan and parts of Europe. It is capable of delivering up to 100 kW of power.

Combined Charging System (CCS): This connector is gaining popularity worldwide and is the only connector type capable of delivering up to 350 kW of power. It is also compatible with Level 2 charging.

When choosing an EV charger, it is important to consider the following factors:

Your EV's battery capacity: The size of your EV's battery will determine the amount of time it takes to charge. Choose a charger that can provide enough power for your needs.

Your charging habits: If you only drive short distances, a Level 1 charger may be sufficient. If you drive longer distances or want to quickly charge your EV on the go, a Level 2 or Level 3 charger may be a better choice.

Your budget: Level 1 chargers are the most affordable, while Level 3 chargers are the most expensive. Level 2 chargers offer a good balance of speed and cost.

Your lifestyle: If you have a garage or driveway, you can install a Level 2 charger at home. If you park on the street or in a parking garage, you may need to use public charging stations.

With the increasing popularity of EVs, the variety and availability of EV chargers are growing rapidly. By understanding the different types of chargers and their capabilities, you can make an informed decision about the best charger for your needs and lifestyle.

bottom of page